HP Fast Facts

 

General

Administrative Structure

Development Indicators

Climate

Forest Cover

Connectivity

Telecom

The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East.

The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

 

 

General

Latitude

30o 22' 40" N to 33o 12' 40" N

Longitude

75o 45' 55" E to 79o 04' 20" E

Altitude (From mean sea Level)

350 meter to 6975 meter

Population [1991-Census]

Total  60,70,305  persons - 2001 Census; Male: 50.8% Female: 49.2%

    Urban

0.45 million persons

    Rural

4.72 million persons

Geographical Area [1991]

55,673 sq. km

Density (per Sq. Km.) [1991]

93

Females per 1000 Males [1991]

976

Birth Rate (per 1000) [1996(P)]

23.0

Death Rate (per 1000) [1996(P)]

8.0

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Administrative Structure [1988]

State Capital

Shimla

No. of Districts

12

No. of Tehsils

71

No. of Sub Divisions

50

No. of Blocks

72

No. of  Nagar Panchyats

28

No. of  Gram Panchyats [Dec.1997]

2922

No. of Villages

19388

No. of Towns

48

No. of Parliament Constituencies

 

    Lok Sabha

4

    Rajya Sabha

3

No.of Assembly Constituencies

68

 

Development Indicators

State Capital

Shimla

No. of Districts

12

No. of Tehsils

71

No. of Sub Divisions

50

No. of Blocks

72

No. of  Nagar Panchyats

28

No. of  Gram Panchyats [Dec.1997]

2922

No. of Villages

19388

No. of Towns

48

No. of Parliament Constituencies

 

    Lok Sabha

4

    Rajya Sabha

3

No.of Assembly Constituencies

68

 

Climate

Temperature

 

     Summer

21o Celsius to 30o Celsius

     Winters

10o Celsius to 20o Celsius

Average Rainfall   

1140 mm

Average Relative humidity    

61 %

Sunshine 

7.4 hrs a day

Evaporation         

3.3 mm

 

Forest Cover [1996-97]

Reserved Forests Area

1896 sq.kms.

Protected Forests Area

33004 sq.kms.

Unclassed Forest Area

930 sq.kms.

Other Forests Area

405 sq.kms.

Forests not under control of forest Deptt.

751 sq.kms.

No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries

32

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Connectivity

Air Connectivity

There are three airports in the State and two airports in Punjab and Chandigarh are also nearby.

The Shimla Airport is well connected with both Chandigarh and Delhi by air. The distance about 12 kms from the airport to Shimla can conveniently be covered by road. Other airports in the state are Kangra (Gaggal) Airport at Kangra and Kullu Airport at Kullu.

Apart from these the International Airport Raja Sansi at Amritsar and Chandigarh Airport is also nearby.

Apart from Indian Airlines, some Private Airways also operate regular flights to Himachal Pradesh.

Related Links:

Airport Authority of India

Civil Aviation

 

Rail Connectivity

Rail Heads in Himachal Pradesh :

  • Kalka

  • Pathankot

  • Una

  • Kalka – Shimla. Pathankot- Joginder Nagar (Narrow Gauge)

Major Rail Heads in Surrounding States :

  • Kiratpur

  • Jagadhri

  • Dehradun

  • Pathankot

 

Related Links:

Indian Railways

Road Connectivity

State of Himachal Pradesh is well connected through an efficient road network. 

Related Links:

Himachal Road Transport Corporation

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Telecom Network in HP

The State has an excellent telecommunications infrastructure. With  N x 2 mbps connectivity, the total length of OFC in the State as on 31.3.2005 was more than 8500 Kms which is probably the highest density of OFC penetration per unit area as compared to any other States in India. Almost all the cable used in the telephone network of the State is optical fibre cable. Telecom Network of Different Service Providers are as follows:

BSNL Network in Himachal Pradesh

AirTel Network in Himachal Pradesh

Information will be available shortly

Reliance Network in Himachal Pradesh

Information will be available shortly

Tata Indicom Network in Himachal Pradesh

Information will be available shortly

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