HP-Fast Facts

  • General

    The State is bordered by Jammu & Kashmir on North, Punjab on West and South-West, Haryana on South, Uttar Pradesh on South-East and China on the East.
    The earliest known inhabitants of the region were tribals called Dasas. Later, Aryans came and they assimilated in the tribes. In the later centuries, the hill chieftains accepted suzerainty of the Mauryan empire, the Kaushans, the Guptas and Kanuaj rulers. During the Mughal period, the Rajas of the hill states made some mutually agreed arrangements which governed their relations. In the 19th century, Ranjit Singh annexed/subjugated many of the states. When the British came, they defeated Gorkhas and entered into treaties with some Rajas and annexed the kingdoms of others. The situation more or less remained unchanged till 1947. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.

    General
    Latitude 30 22′ 40″ N to 33 12′ 40″ N
    Longitude 75 45′ 55″ E to 79 04′ 20″ E
    Altitude (From mean sea Level) 350 meter to 6975 meter
    Population [1991-Census] Total 60,70,305 persons – 2001 Census; Male: 50.8% Female: 49.2%
    Urban 0.45 million persons
    Rural 4.72 million persons
    Geographical Area [1991] 55,673 sq. km
    Density (per Sq. Km.) [1991] 93
    Females per 1000 Males [1991] 976
    Birth Rate (per 1000) [1996(P)] 23.0
    Death Rate (per 1000) [1996(P)] 8.0
    Administrative Structure [1988]
    State Capital Shimla
    No. of Districts 12
    No. of Tehsils 71
    No. of Sub Divisions 50
    No. of Blocks 72
    No. of Nagar Panchyats 28
    No. of Gram Panchyats [Dec.1997] 2922
    No. of Villages 19388
    No. of Towns 48
    Lok Sabha 4
    Rajya Sabha 3
    No.of Assembly Constituencies 68
    Development Indicators
    State Capital Shimla
    No. of Districts 12
    No. of Tehsils 71
    No. of Sub Divisions 50
    No. of Blocks 72
    No. of Nagar Panchyats 28
    No. of Gram Panchyats [Dec.1997] 2922
    No. of Villages 19388
    No. of Towns 48
    Lok Sabha 4
    Rajya Sabha 3
    No.of Assembly Constituencies 68
    Climate
    Temperature
    Summer 21 Celsius to 30 Celsius
    Winters 10 Celsius to 20 Celsius
    Average Rainfall 1140 mm
    Average Relative humidity 61%
    Sunshine 7.4 hrs a day
    Evaporation 3.3 mm
    Forest Cover [1996-97]
    Reserved Forests Area 1896 sq.kms.
    Protected Forests Area 33004 sq.kms.
    Unclassed Forest Area 930 sq.kms.
    Other Forests Area 405 sq.kms.
    Forests not under control of forest Deptt. 751 sq.kms.
    No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries 32
  • Connectivity

    Air Connectivity
    There are three airports in the State and two airports in Punjab and Chandigarh are also nearby.
    The Shimla Airport is well connected with both Chandigarh and Delhi by air. The distance about 12 kms from the airport to Shimla can conveniently be covered by road. Other airports in the state are Kangra (Gaggal) Airport at Kangra and Kullu Airport at Kullu.
    Apart from these, the International Airport Raja Sansi at Amritsar and Chandigarh Airport is also nearby.
    Apart from Indian Airlines, some Private Airways also operate regular flights to Himachal Pradesh.
    Related Links:
    Airport Authority of India
    Civil Aviation
    Rail Connectivity
    Rail Heads in Himachal Pradesh :
    Kalka
    Pathankot
    Una
    Kalka Shimla. Pathankot- Joginder Nagar (Narrow Gauge)
    Major Rail Heads in Surrounding States :
    Kiratpur
    Jagadhri
    Dehradun
    Pathankot
    Related Links:
    Indian Railways
    Road Connectivity
    State of Himachal Pradesh is well connected through an efficient road network.
    Related Links:
    Himachal Road Transport Corporation

  • Telecom Network in HP

    The State has an excellent telecommunications infrastructure. With N x 2 mbps connectivity, the total length of OFC in the State as on 31.3.2005 was more than 8500 Kms which is probably the highest density of OFC penetration per unit area as compared to any other States in India. Almost all the cable used in the telephone network of the State is optical fibre cable. Telecom Network of Different Service Providers are as follows:
    BSNL Network in Himachal Pradesh
    AirTel Network in Himachal Pradesh
    Reliance Network in Himachal Pradesh